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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-67

Pleural Involvement In Patients Co-infected With HIV And Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Clinico - Radiological Profile

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K. B Gupta

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The study was undertaken to evaluate the presence of pleural involvement in thirty one patients co-infected with HIV and M. tuberculosis. Out of 31 patients, thirteen (41.94%) had pleural involvement, pleural effusion (5), hydropneumothorax (4), pneumothorax (3) and bilateral pyopneumothorax (1). All subjects belonged to young age group with poor educational background and history of multiple sex partners. The patients with pleural lesion along with lung parenchymal involvement or with bilateral pleural involvement had grave prognosis as they were having greater immunocompromised status. The patients having any high risk factor, even if the clinical evidence is not suggestive of, should be investigated for HIV seropositivity for better patient management and to prevent HIV transmission.

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