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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 407-410

Safety of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients undergoing carbon dioxide insufflation in extended endoscopic procedures

1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Scott A Helgeson
4500 San Pablo Road S, Jacksonville, FL 32224
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_74_20

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Introduction: Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation for endoscopies has been shown to be more comfortable and safe, but only in patients without underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to show that using CO2 is safe in COPD patients. Methods: Patients were retrospectively identified who underwent extended endoscopic procedures during the time period of January 2012 to December 2017. Patients were included if they also had COPD. A matched control group without COPD was created during the same timeframe. All the patients were sedated with continuous monitoring of their CO2 levels by end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2). Results: One hundred and ten patients had COPD and underwent an extended endoscopic procedure. These patients had a higher severity of their comorbidities (American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3 or 4) (93.6% [95% confidence interval [CI], 87.4%–96.9%] vs. 60.3% [95% CI, 51.1%–69.0%]; P < 0.01) and an increase of co-existing obstructive sleep apnea (33.6% vs. 6.3%, P < 0.01). There was no difference in baseline EtCO2, but the peak EtCO2 and postprocedure EtCO2 were both significantly higher in the COPD group. The only postprocedural complication found was an inability to be extubated immediately following the procedure with subsequent need to hospitalize the patient, which occurred in three patients (2.8%; 95% CI, 0.9%–7.9%) in the COPD group and one (0.9%; 95% CI, 0.2%–4.9%) in the non-COPD group (P = 0.37). Conclusion: The present study, which was the only study looking at CO2 insufflation specifically in COPD patients, provides evidence that CO2 insufflation is safe in COPD despite a slight increase in EtCO2.

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