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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-22

Lung preservation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of tracheobronchial tree: A case series


Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Arvind Kumar
Room No. 2328, Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi - 110 060
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_511_20

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Introduction: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is a primary salivary gland tumor also arising from nonsalivary gland organs of the body such as submucosal glands of tracheobronchial tree. Surgical resection with negative margins is the treatment of choice. All efforts should be made to preserve as much lung parenchyma as possible, by various bronchoplastic procedures. We present our experience with mucoepidermoid tumors and review their management options including lung preservation techniques and outcome of surgery. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of 14 patients who underwent surgery for MEC. Their demographic data; clinical presentation; and preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative details were recorded. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography of chest and bronchoscopy as part of workup for diagnosis and to assess the location, size, and extent of tumor; extraluminal component; and status of distal lung parenchyma. Results: There were eight male and six female patients. The median age at the time of surgery was 28.36 years (range 22–45 years). The procedures performed included right upper lobectomy and right pneumonectomy in one patient each, left main bronchus sleeve resection in six patients, left upper sleeve lobectomy in three patients, and carinal resection and reconstruction of neo carina in three patients. Twelve (85.7%) of our patients underwent lung-preserving surgery. The median hospital stay and chest tube removal duration was 4 and 3 days, respectively. The median tumor size was 1.91 cm (range 1–8 cm). The median follow-up was 24 months (ranging from 6 to 78 months). Conclusion: Radical surgery to achieve R “0” resection with aggressive emphasis on lung preservation is the mainstay of treatment of MEC. Greater awareness of these tumors is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis and to prevent delaying of potential complete resection of MEC.


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