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Lung India Official publication of Indian Chest Society  
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   1987| August  | Volume 5 | Issue 3  
    Online since January 5, 2011

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A Follow-Up Study Of Pulmonary Asbestosis In Bombay
M. H Patel, H. S Bharathi, A. A Mahashur, V Vaidya Pratima, S. R Kamat
August 1987, 5(3):119-123
A clinical, radiographic, spirometric and blood gas study was done on 63 asbestos exposed symptomatic workers, between 1983-85. Of these 32 were reassessed again in 1986. Though all had dyspnoea, other major symptoms were cough (84%), sputum (39.7%), chest pain (31.8%) and tiredness (25.4%). Only 30.2% showed rales in lung and 3.2% finger clubbing. On follow up tiredness was seen oftener. Radiographically linear (49.2%) and punctate (58.7%) deposits were mainly seen; 50.8% had 1-2 zone disease while 17.5% showed abnormalities in 5-6 zones. On follow up calcified pleural plaques were seen in 18.7% and 6 zone disease in 31.2% cases. By I.L.O. grading, Gr. II disease was seen in 23 and Gr. III in 3 cases. By spirometry 54% were in normal range and significant bronchodilator improvement (>10%) was seen in 14.3%. Overall functional disability was moderate in 6% initially and 53% on follow up. Blood PaO2 abnormalities were detected in 47% cases. The use of multiple criteria helped to pick up most cases of asbestosis and about 50% cases were seen to have progressed over three years.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  411 76 -
Ocular Toxicity Of Ethambutol - A Clinical Study
U. S Tiwari, B. P Mishra
August 1987, 5(3):111-113
A total of 269 smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients were analysed. They were receiving 20 mg/kg body weight of ethambutol. The optic nerve involvement was seen in 2.2% of the patients. Colour blindness was not a prominent feature. If drug is continued after onset of vision changes, irreversible damage is likely.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  375 96 -
Spirometric Studies In School Boys Of Andhra Pradesh
P Padmanabha Rao, Sundaresh Peri, H. D Singh
August 1987, 5(3):107-110
This study was undertaken to collect and publish Spirometric data in children of Andhra Pradesh. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) tracings were obtained in 159 healthy school boys between 7 and 14 years of age. Forced Expiratory Volumes (FEV) in the first half, three-quarters, and one second, as well as Forced Expiratory Flow Rates (FEF) in the early portion, middle half, and third quarter of FVC were measured from the tracing. Maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) was also recorded. The data were statistically analysed, and normal values, and simple prediction formulas for calculating expected values from age and physical measurements are given.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  382 78 -
Sarcoidosis In India, The Past, Present And The Future
Samir K Gupta
August 1987, 5(3):101-105
Full text not available  [PDF]
  239 208 -
Comparison Of Bacteriology Of Different Parts Of Airways
N. K Jain, T. N Sharma, A Madan, S. D Purohit, K Dilip, S. K Sarkar, S Kodwal
August 1987, 5(3):115-118
Bronchofiberscopic aspiration using cannula with stylet (type PR 2B) was performed in 60 patients of bronchopulmonary diseases and secretions were collected from trachea, right main bronchus and left main bronchus. A morning sputum sample and an oropharyngeal swab were also taken. 50 harboured pathogens in their airways, in only 60 per cent, the same pathogens were present both in the main bronchi and upper respiratory tract. Bacteria were isolated in pure culture from bronchi in 86 per cent, while in sputum in only 19 per cent. Potential pathogens isolated from the bronchi were Coliforms, Cocci, and H. influenzae. The rate of isolation of Coliforms was higher in those who had received antibiotics for more than weeks. Gram’s stain of bronchial aspirate correlated better with corresponding culture. The method was well tolerated by all the patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  375 72 -
Renal Functions And Histopathological Changes In Relation To Arterial Blood Gases In Cases Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
D. J Das Gupta, Asha Goel, S. K Singhal, S Kashyap, L. S Pal, V. K Arora, B. K Arya
August 1987, 5(3):129-132
PaO2, PaCO2, creatinine clearance (Ccr) and renal histopathological changes were studied in eight cases of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) All cases were hypoxic and hypercapnic of varying grades. Three cases had impaired creatinine clearance. Kidney biopsy revealed hypercellularity, dilatation and congestion of glomerular tufts in six cases. Hypoxia was probably the major factor responsible for renal histopathological changes.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  358 76 -
Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy In Diagnosis Of Smear Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis
J. S Swarnkar
August 1987, 5(3):125-128
Fibreoptic bronchoscopy was carried out in 46 patients of smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis. Smears were stained by Ziehl-Neelsen method and examined under light microscope. The bronchial brushing smears were examined by concentration method and cultured on Low-entein-Jensen medium. Prebronchoscopy and postbronchoscopy sputum specimens were subjected to similar examination. Prebronchoscopy sputum culture was positive in 21.73% of the patients. Acid fast bacilli in bronchial brush smear were detected in 33(71.73%) patients, while culture of bronchial brushings yielded positive results in 40(86.9%) patients. In smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis, fibreoptic bronchoscopy is useful in detecting the bacilli.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  320 88 -
Ketotifen As A Prophylactic Agent In Atopic Asthma
K Venugopalan, K Madhavan, S Mallikesan, C. N Deivanayagam
August 1987, 5(3):133-140
The new drug for prophylaxis against asthma, Ketotifen has been tried in a group of 20 mainly atopic asthmatic patients and the results compared with the similar group of 20 patients who received Disodium Cromoglycate prophylaxis. Ketotifen was well tolerated and was effective in prophylaxis. The main side effects were dryness of the mouth and drowsiness but not sufficient to interfere with drug intake or daily activities. The results are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  296 89 -
Acute Respiratory Infection In Children
V. K Vijayan, A. M Reetha
August 1987, 5(3):99-100
Full text not available  [PDF]
  145 80 -
Theophylline Kinetics And Its Use In Chronic Asthma
R Dhand, S. K Malik
August 1987, 5(3):141-144
Full text not available  [PDF]
  147 70 -